A renowned authority on the history of the Second World War showed off a collection of badges telling tales of Nazi propaganda and also of plotting by the British government.
Pendleside Probus Club welcomed back John Hartley for a talk on the conflict of 1939 to 1945.
He exhibited 24 cabinets, each containing five to 10 badges or medals.
Among these was an Air Raid Precautions badge dated 1933, the same year the British government was reassuring the public that Nazi German posed no threat.
Five years later the ARP was founded.
John also had a badge from Hitler Youth and another awarded to any woman who gave birth to an Aryan child.
There were also sections from the Free French Army and the Free French Navy, who were both under the command of Charles de Gaulle.
Meetings take place on the first Wednesday of the month at 10am at the Parish Hall of St Anne’s Church in Fence.